Dwarf Puffer Fish Care “Carinotetraodon Travancoricus”

dwarf puffer fish

Last updated on September 13th, 2022 at 06:17 am

The dwarf puffer fish, also known as the dwarf blowfish, is a freshwater fish that inhabits areas of Asia and parts of South America. They are typically found in rice paddies and slow-moving streams with shallow water and muddy bottoms. The dwarf puffer fish is an amphidromous species: they live in freshwater for most of their life cycle but migrate to saltwater to reproduce.

The dwarf puffer fish, also known as the pygmy puffer, is a small freshwater fish that belongs to the Tetraodontidae family. It got its name from being one of the smallest species in this family and can grow to be about 3 inches long. Despite their small size, dwarf puffers make good pets for people who don’t have a lot of space!

They are native to Africa and Asia but have been released into other areas around the world where they’ve become invasive pests. The dwarf puffer fish lives in rice paddies or slow-moving streams with thick vegetation on their bottoms so they can hide from predators when necessary.

Many people enjoy keeping dwarf puffer fish as pets. They are easy to care for and don’t need a lot of space, which makes them an excellent choice for beginners.

The dwarf puffer fish, a tiny, adorable creature can be found in the ocean. In this blog post, we will explore some dwarf puffer fish facts, including their unique features and what they eat!

Origin and descriptions

dwarf puffer fish

The dwarf puffer fish is a species of freshwater pufferfish that can be found throughout South America. They are usually found in quiet waters with minimal flow and plenty of vegetation to provide shelter for them. Their coloration depends on their habitat, but they have light-colored bellies which allow them to blend into the bottom when resting, making them difficult to see.

Dwarf puffers are small fish, typically measuring only about two inches in length. They have a stocky build and a round head with an upturned mouth. Their eyes are large and their fins are short and rounded. The most distinguishing characteristic of the dwarf puffer is its spiny dorsal fin, which is found on all but one of the spiny-finned fish.

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Dwarf puffers are very shy and peaceful creatures, so they should be kept in a species-only aquarium with other non-aggressive fish that will not nip at their fins or try to eat them. They do well when housed with small tetras and Corydoras catfish, which are also found in the wild. In captivity, they can be fed a carnivorous diet of brine shrimp or bloodworms.

In addition to being popular as pets due to their small size and unique appearance, dwarf puffers have been used in aquariums for decades because they eat algae and detritus after all the other fish have eaten their fill. However, they are not considered an ideal candidate for the average aquarium because of their specific diet and shy nature.

Species profile

dwarf puffer fish

The dwarf puffer fish is one of the smallest known freshwater fish, reaching only an adult size of around 40 mm long. It has four to five vertical black bands with brownish-yellow spots on its body and fins.

Scientific name

The scientific name of the dwarf puffer fish is Carinotetraodon travancoricus

Color and appearance

The dwarf puffer fish is generally dark brown to black in color with five pale, vertical bars. The epidermis of the fins can be red or orange-yellow and has a golden hue along the edges and at the posterior end.

Each adult gets between three and six spines on its first dorsal fin, which it uses for protection. The eyes are large and protrude from the head.

The fish reach a maximum size of just 40 mm, making them one of the smallest freshwater fish in the world.

Range and habitat

The dwarf puffer fish is endemic to the south Indian state of Kerala. It lives in slow-moving waters such as rivers, canals and ditches with abundant vegetation.

It inhabits freshwater bodies and has been introduced into brackish water by humans for commercial purposes.

They prefer a habitat that includes aquatic plants like grasses or algae, which they use for shelter.

Dwarf puffer fish size

Dwarf puffer fish are small, typically reaching only two inches in length. This makes them the perfect choice for smaller aquariums.

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Dwarf puffer fish tank size

Dwarf puffer fish can do well in a tank as small as five gallons, but for optimum health they should have at least ten gallons of water.

Keep in mind that the more space you give your fish, the more active and playful they will be. A large tank also allows for more hiding places, which is important for any shy pufferfish.

Life cycle

Dwarf puffer fish have a very short life cycle, reaching sexual maturity within just four months and breeding frequently. The males are smaller than the females and have a more pointed nose. After spawning, the female will often eat the eggs.

The fry (newly hatched fish) are tiny – about 0.25 inches long – and are initially transparent. They grow quickly, however, and can reach a length of almost two inches within their first few months.

Dwarf puffer fish can be bred in a home aquarium, but it is important to provide them with plenty of hiding places, as they are shy and like to hide when not feeding.

Are they aggressive or peaceful?

Dwarf puffer fish are generally peaceful and do not tend to be aggressive towards other fish. However, they will defend their territory if necessary and can be quite feisty when feeding.

Dwarf puffer fish care

dwarf puffer fish

Dwarf puffer fish are a great choice for anyone looking for an easy-to-care-for fish. They require very little maintenance and can be kept in a variety of tank sizes.

One important thing to keep in mind when caring for the fish is that they need a lot of oxygen. Make sure your tank has plenty of surface area for these fish to get air. For this reason, it is best to keep them in tanks with plenty of room and not overcrowd the tank.

Dwarf puffer fish are also sensitive to water quality so you will need a good filtration system that can handle both biological and chemical filtration.

Dwarf puffer fish food

They will eat a variety of foods. You can feed them flakes, but they are more likely to take frozen or live food instead. They are not picky eaters so you can feed them a variety of foods. You should try to give them vegetables or other vegetable material but they will also take meat if it is offered.

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Dwarf puffer fish require small amounts of food each day, about one flake per fish once or twice a day depending on the size of your fish. You should not overfeed them as this can lead to health problems.

Make sure you give your dwarf puffer fish a varied diet to ensure they get all the nutrients they need. Some good food choices include:

Dwarf puffer fish tank mates

Dwarf puffer fish can be kept with other small fish that do not have a long, protruding snout. Some good tank mates for dwarf puffers include guppies, swordtails, platys and mollies. Make sure to avoid any fish that may nip at the puffer’s fins or body as this can stress the fish out.

Puffers can also be kept with other types of smaller brackish water species as long as they do not have a long, protruding snout. Some good tank mates for dwarf puffers include gobies and mudskippers.

Water conditions

Dwarf puffers must be kept in brackish water conditions. The salinity level should be between SG of 0.005 and SG of 0.015, with a pH range from around seven to eight or so for most species. Dwarf puffers can also live at much higher levels as well if needed though, but they prefer brackish water conditions.

Dwarf puffers must be kept in brackish water conditions that are slightly on the acidic side. These puffer fish can also live at much higher levels as well if needed though, but do best when kept within these parameters.


dwarf puffer fish - dwarf puffer fish

Dwarf puffer fish are bred in captivity by separating the males and females. The male will build a bubble nest, and the female will lay her eggs on the underside of the nest. Once the eggs have hatched, the parents will care for their young until they are able to fend for themselves.

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Dwarf puffer fish can live anywhere from around five to ten years.

Parasites and diseases

Dwarf puffer fish are susceptible to a number of parasites and diseases, so it is important to keep them in a healthy environment. Some common parasites and diseases include

If you notice any of these parasites or diseases in your fish, you should consult a veterinarian immediately.


Dwarf puffer fish are preyed upon by many different animals. Some common predators include crabs, shrimps, eels e.t.c. If your fish is kept in an aquarium, it should be well protected from any of these predators.

Is dwarf puffer fish poisonous?

No, dwarf puffer fish are not poisonous. However, they can release toxins from their skin if threatened or stressed. These toxins can cause nausea and vomiting in humans, so it is important to exercise caution when handling them.

Do they make good pets?

Dwarf puffer fish make excellent pets for those who are willing to care for them properly. They are very active and entertaining fish, and they can be quite amusing to watch. However, they do require a lot of attention and maintenance, so they may not be suitable for everyone.


Dwarf puffer fish are a fascinating and entertaining species of fish that make excellent pets for those who are willing to care for them properly. They require a lot of attention and maintenance, but they are well worth the effort! If you are interested in owning one, be sure to do your research first!