20 Best Tropical Fish For Beginners

tropical fish for beginners - Angelfish

Last updated on August 16th, 2022 at 10:46 pm

You have actually purchased a fish tank or you’re thinking about purchasing one and you’re questioning what the 20 top tropical fish for beginners are. Well, we have an excellent choice listed below which you can think about.

All the fish noted below have actually been thoroughly chosen for a variety of factors from strength, feeding, cost, and size routines.

Since your aquarium is brand-new and not totally developed with sufficient natural valuable germs, they can be susceptible to crashing. This indicates that the water qualities can alter rapidly and chemicals can develop in the water from fish waste and excess food and toxin your fish. As time goes on your tank will end up being developed with sufficient natural germs to deal with any small issue.

As a novice, you will not understand how to repair this issue rapidly so you’ll require to have fish that are extremely durable and can stand up to bad water conditions for a brief duration and endure. You must never ever have bad water conditions however as a fishkeeping novice, you will make errors like the rest of people.

Read our post about the 32 most typical errors novices make and you’ll see a few of the typical mistakes. It may assist you to prevent making a few of them.

Let’s take a look at the 20 Finest Tropical Fish for Beginners, You will most likely have actually seen or become aware of # 14 as it’s the primary selling exotic fish on the planet.

The 20 best tropical fish for beginners are:

  • Guppy
  • Molly
  • Zebra danios
  • Dwarf Gouramis
  • Bettas
  • Catfish
  • Swordtails
  • Firemouth Cichlid
  • Plecostomus
  • Oscar fish
  • Redtail sharks
  • Harlequin Rasbora
  • Loaches
  • Neon Tetra
  • Angelfish
  • Otocinclus
  • Platy
  • Cory Catfish (Corydoras)
  • Cherry Barb
  • Black-skirt Tetra

1.       Guppy


The Guppy Fish (Poecilia reticulata) likewise described as million-fish or rainbow fish, as a tropical fish for beginners, is understood around the world. It naturally stems from Northeast and South America however generally reproduced in captivity nowadays. It is now a typical home tropical fish kept by practically every aquarist at one point or another. Due to its relative cheapness ($ 1-6) and ease of keeping.

They are readily available in a range of lively colors. This dynamic fish is exceptionally simple to take care of because it is quite low upkeep and has a tranquil personality that fits most novices.

For beginners aquarists, these extensively dispersed exotic fish are a durable type because they can adjust to a differing water condition that makes them best for a newbie. These omnivores aren’t fussy eaters. They can take in most foods not minding their health. Their food may consist of routine fish flakes, shrimp, live or frozen saltwater blood, and daphnia worms.

It is totally prevalent for them to totally endure a week without being fed, it’s not that we excuse that, however, with numerous novices, they frequently forget to feed them every day. It’s a specifically strong statement to how durable these little animals are. Once or two times in a day in extremely little parts is finest, they don’t really need big or regular feedings because of their little stomach size.

Regardless of their small bodies, it would be recommended to keep them in a hard-water aquarium with a 10- Twenty-gallon tank as a minimum with lots of locations for them to get sanctuary. They are incredibly unified and blend well with other tranquil fishes. Given that they reproduce quickly, keep the woman to the male population managed.

2.        Molly Fish

Molly Fish

The Molly fish (Poecilia sphenops) has some other names which prevail Molly. Initially, they originated from Malaysia and are popular for their passive personality and, likewise high capability to change quite rapidly.  As a tropical fish for beginners, they are available in abundance, at a really low cost ($ 3-6), and a big color pattern to choose from. They are spirited, energetic, and excellent starter fish.

Viewing as they mature to just 3-5 inches, you’ll just require a 20 gallons tank size, including tough, alkaline warm water. It seasons slowly however ultimately ends up being simple to keep and not extremely demanding.

Being sturdy and less aggressive, these flexible fishes are especially good choices for novices. Given their nature, it is normally a good idea to position any calm, tropical neighborhood tank types with them. Location plenty of live water plants and algae to munch on, in their well-lit tank.

These fish are among our favorites and in some cases are ignored by numerous knowledgeable aquarists which is an embarrassment. They are likewise excellent for cleaning your tank as they like to dig and algae around in the substrate and chill out the dirt caught in the gravel for the filter to get.

3.      Zebra Danios

Zebra Danios

Zebra Danios or the Zebra Fish belongs to the Ganges and the Himalayan area. These fishes have a naturally identifiable and unique zebra pattern. Owing to their strength, as a tropical fish for beginners, they are optimum for amateur keepers uninformed of how to establish a tank.

Economical at the rate of $1-2 assists in making certain that they can be acquired in groups of a minimum of 5 since they are education fish i.e. without a neighborhood, they grow extremely upset and worried. They have a natural capability to school in great deals and look extraordinary in an aquascaped aquarium.

They mature to just 3 inches and need a 10-gallon tank and can endure in the majority of water settings however look sensational in bigger fish tanks in huge schools of around 20-30 fishes. Because it tends to leap you’ll require to ensure your aquarium has a tight cover.

Variatus Platy (Xiphophorus variatus) Care Guide

Non-picky with their diet plan, these omnivores will consume practically anything. It can be fed a diverse diet plan of fish flakes, worms, and frozen foods. These fish rate extremely in our preferred tropical neighborhood fish of perpetuity.

4.      Dwarf Gouramis

Dwarf Gourami

The Dwarf Gourami (or Trichogaster lalius) are among the smaller-sized types of gourami that emerged from South Asia as a peace-loving, shy fish. They are also a Maze Fish which implies they breather straight from the air and hence necessary access to the surface area.

This type is high in need due to its varied, glowing pallor offered in powder blue, flame red, and rainbow patterns. As a tropical fish for beginners, they have a really low death rate and do not require much assistance to endure approximately 4 years or more. These relaxed omnivores can survive on an algae-based and meaty diet plan.

Due to their nonviolent temperament and their propensity at rapidly seasoning themselves, they are a perfect neighborhood fish. They grow to an approximate size of 2.5 inches and require an aquarium size of 10-20 Gallons. A dim-lit tank with plenty of rooted plants and drifting plants would be great for them.

It is essential though to routinely clean their water as they can be prone to different tropical fish diseases. They are difficult and can endure both soft and tough water.

For additional information read our complete guide to dwarf gouramis.

5.       Betta Fish

Betta Fish

The Siamese fighting Fish (or Betta splendens) is from Thailand is among the most popular fish in the freshwater aquarium trade. The factor for this is their visually enticing appearance. When they are kept in perfect waters although too frequently, they are kept in really little tanks which are far from ideal, they are an incredibly durable Maze Fish.

As a tropical fish for beginners, their will to live is viewed as they can sustain themselves in a stagnant, oxygen-deficient water supply. Relatively high upkeep, these appeals are really easy to care for and cost-effective at $4 nevertheless, some specifically reproduced program fish can bring big amounts. As omnivores fish, they need both animal and plant food in the type of fish flakes or worms.

Maturing to 3 inches, an ideal setup would be a well-filtered aquarium no smaller sized than 10 Gallons with acidic water with stable temperature levels of 24-28 degrees Celsius. They can likewise sustain bad water quality and even endure little areas however we do not suggest that. For a brand-new aquarium keeping student, they’ll be less most likely to dissatisfy as they do not pass away simple.

They can be a bit nippy and you require to keep an eye out for other occupants nipping their fins. They are not called combating fish for absolutely anything. If 2 males are kept in the very same aquarium, they will battle to the death.

They aren’t school fish, therefore, need to be kept singly. They can live with occupants of other tranquil types like neons, mollies, rasboras, and barbs.

6     Catfish

The Catfish

Catfish (Siluriformes) also known as Cory Cats, as a tropical fish for beginners, traces back to Brazil, South America, and Upper Rio Guapore. Sufficient quantities are offered worldwide from 140 types to select from and at costs of simply $6 or more, making them an aquarium need to have. Even as bottom-feeding catfish they have a cool character and can have a life expectancy of as much as twenty years.

They are really friendly types and grow in neighborhood tanks including combined types. Since of their bubbly characters, they’ll require a soft-bottom aquarium of 30 gallons of water, although they just establish approximately 3 inches for a lot of types. When it comes to precise tank cleansing, they are duty-driven and exceptional. They’ll get the remaining food from the gravel all the time. Nevertheless, their omnivorous hunger requires to be more satiated with a healthy diet plan including dried, frozen flaked, and live foods.

Do not ignore their dietary requirements and guarantee as accountable fish keepers you supply them with the very best catfish food possible. We have actually examined the very best to make it much easier for you to supply them with a healthy diet plan.

7.     Swordtails


The Swordtail (Xiphophorus hellerii) can be traced back to North and Central America. They are by far the most traditional types to date and identified as a “newbies just” fish which we do not concur with. If they are completely matched for that function, these fish are more than simply a novice fish even.

At a take of $5, this extremely popular freshwater fish is a crowd-pleaser since of their uncomplicated care regimen. With their friendly qualities, they plainly belong in a neighborhood environment however singly as they might be territorial towards other males of the exact same types.

Since of its special sword-like tail and will to live, they typically capture the eye of enthusiasts. In specific, another element is how incredibly different the choices are to select from. Consisting Of Marigold, Red Velour, Black Nubian, Pineapple, and so on. They can grow to around 4 inches, so they should be housed in 20 gallons of water (25-28 degrees Celsius). They have low needs when it comes to water conditions. Commercially processed foods will serve their omnivorous yearnings. Such as vegetable-based flakes, tubifex bloodworms, saltwater shrimp, or plant-based diet plans consisting of algae.

One to look out for next time you visit your regional animal shop or aquarium store.

8.      Firemouth Cichlids

Firemouth Cichlids

The Fire Mouth Cichlid (Thorichthys meeki) belongs to Central America. It specifies the embodiment of appeal with their pearlescent blue-green blue body, highlighted by the red pigmentation of their scales. When wanting to house your aquarium with some vibrant and intriguing fish then these are a go-to option for beginners to the cichlid world viewing as they are low-cost and easily offered for around $6 each.

Discus Fish Care (Symphysodon) Tips

As a tropical fish for beginners, they are categorized as semi-aggressive, however primarily whilst spawning in the reproducing season. Otherwise, they’re normally friendly and can be kept in a freshwater aquarium with bigger more active fish. Make sure to purchase ones that are all equivalent in size to lessen prospective threats if you desire more than one fire mouth cichlid. They grow about 6 inches. It is a good idea to keep them in at least 30 gallons of water (21-24 degrees Celsius) consisting of a great gravel bottom for foraging in and plenty of rockwork to conceal in. They enjoy moving the gravel and dig around so guarantee the decoration is glued in location to prevent it from crashing down on them.

When it comes to their diet plan, they are omnivorous and not especially picky. Routine and typically offered foods like ocean plankton, flake food, and Cichlid pellets can be fed to them. We examined the very best cichlid food in 2018 and you can check out the evaluation and findings here.

9.      Plecostomus


The Suckermouth Catfish (Hypostomus plecostomus) or typical pleco, is an exotic fish that the majority of people will have seen prior to. To start with, this fish varies back to Tropical Northeastern South America (Amazon area). It is recognized by the heavy armored plates on its body.

They have an extremely widely high need for marine trade. The factor is their long life span of approximately twenty years, the financial expense of $4, and a relaxing character. They can exist with several types. Also, they do not remain that charming little fish for long. They grow substantial and almost constantly grow out of the majority of people’s fish tanks within 5 years.

Lots of people believe these fish can simply reside on algae that grow in your aquarium and some remaining little bits of food that sink to the bottom however this isn’t the case. We like to feed our sinking catfish pellets. They require the right healthy diet plan that all fish require. Guarantee you supply them with a steady and diverse diet plan.

Read our complete care guide for keeping Plecostmus catfish.

10.     Oscars Fish

oscar fish

The Oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) likewise acknowledged as marble cichlid or velour cichlid comes from South America. Accompanying is a reasonable little bit of requirement for keeping this fish. The factor why it must be on a tropical fish newbies’ list is that of how extremely smart and spirited these organisms are. To the point that they can likewise be trained to follow commands and, likewise do techniques.

They are classified as semi-aggressive and are much better, for that reason, be kept in a tank of their own (non-community-oriented types), however, they do thrive in sets. , if kept with other fish they will require to be of comparable size and aggressive nature. Unbeknownst to numerous purchasers, these 1-2-inch infant fish tend to grow to significant sizes of 12-14 inches in a really brief period of time. Efficiently, they need a 70-100-gallon tank with deep gravel bottoms and plenty of big heavy rocks. With their high-water firmness levels can bear standard aqua systems.

Effective water upkeep and purification system will come in handy viewing as they produce a great deal of waste. You will require to carry out routine water modifications of around 25% weekly to eliminate the excess waste and remaining food.

The very best part, you can hand feed these predators and their ravenous fits of hunger with ocean plankton, little fish, bloodworms, flakes, tetra cichlid crisps, and earthworms. They are a lot enjoyable to keep however remember you will require to house them in a big aquarium with excellent filtering.

Read our complete guide to keeping oscar fish.

11.     Redtail Sharks

 Redtail Sharks

The Red Tail Shark costing (Epalzeorhynhos bicolor) is endemic to Thailand. This spectacular fish is the happy owner of a jet-black body and a brilliant red tail. This would make any aquarist wish to have in their aquarium nethermind that it’s a shark!.

They have a development capability of 6-7 inches on typical however have been understood from time to time to reach 8? and lifetime expectation of 5-6 years. You will require a tropical freshwater 55 gallon, geared up with a weighted cover to avoid escape. You can likewise embellish it with caverns, plants, thick greenery, and busy water circulation.

Due to the fact that of their territorial tendencies, they do however have a reputation for semi-aggressive behavior. One can keep them in a neighborhood environment with Angelfish, Danios, and so on. Do not position other red tail sharks if you are a newbie as it is impractical to believe that it will be workable, so singly putting them would be much better.

They are frequently puzzled by rainbow sharks that look comparable. You can see the distinction here in our rainbow shark total care guide.

This non-fussy omnivore will probably take in algae, plants, pests, flakes, pellets, krill, even cucumber, fruit. You can invest hours viewing this vibrant swimmer from the first day as the season rapidly. They are in some cases puzzled with Rainbow sharks due to their comparable look. See the image above.

12.      Harlequin Rasbora

Harlequin Rasbora - tropical fish for beginners

The Harlequin Rasbora (Trignostigma heteromorpha) hails Singapore, southern Thailand, Malaysia, and Sumatra. It is absolutely a favorite of fish keepers with its lovely metal color of reddish copper. One can buy it at a low price of $2 which makes it an excellent freshwater fish for beginners. When they’re livening up the aquarium with a burst of color and flurry of activity, especially.

Veiltail Betta - Care, Breeding And 4 Interesting Facts

Measuring to 2 inches, it can quickly reside in a little 10 gallon, developed planted aquarium in waters of around 22-23 degrees Celsius, with soft, acidic water, controlled lighting, and thick plant life. Given that it’s education, neighborhood fish. Thus, it ought to be bought in groups of 8-10 people matching its peace-loving character like betas, cory catfish, neon tetras, and so on. Read our post entitled top 9 Freshwater fish for a brand-new aquarium to see ideal tank mates for this charming rasbora.

Easy-going eating attributes mean they can be fed flake food, tubifex, and freeze-dried bloodworms. These fish are undervalued in our viewpoint and look extraordinary in a big aquarium, well planted in bigger schools of around 20-30 fish. Just sensational!

13.     Loaches


Real Loaches (Cobitidae) normally originated from Morocco and Eurasia. They have a low-cost tag for a little loach like a Kuhli Loach for a completely grown clown loach. What makes them an excellent choice for fish keepers is their incomparably friendly characters. When feeding which can be really amusing to view, because there’s a lot of interaction in between the other fish.

As a skilled acclimatizer, this 4-inch fish typically can reside in a typical aquarium with 50 gallons of water (26-30 degrees Celsius) that is spick-and-span, well-oxygenated, with moderate circulation, great gravel, hollow logs and caverns, driftwood, and plant roots. Do not be deceived some loaches can grow to 15? and require a much bigger aquarium.

Typically affable, they can populate neighborhood tanks without any indications of an impending threat to other types put with them and ideally ought to be purchased in a group of 5-6. They are predators that will need cyanobacteria, tubifex, live foods, sometimes freeze-dried bloodworms, and flake foods.

The majority of loaches invest their entire lives on the bottom of the aquarium digging around the gravel trying to find food. This uses various watching levels within your aquarium. An ideal mix would be to have some bottom fish like catfish and loach, mid-level fish like mollies and neons, and a couple of surface area swimmers like dwarf gouramis.

14.    Neon Tetras

Neon tetra

Neons are amongst the most popular freshwater exotic fish due to their small size and lively colors. They just grow about an inch approximately long and are an excellent fish for a 10-gallon tank or larger.

These little people are schooling fish, which suggests you wish to have at least 6 of them, ideally more. When their school is too little, or when the water is bad, they can get nippy at each other.

The Neon Tetra (Paracheirodon innesi) is belonging to the Orinoco and the Amazon Basin of South America. They have actually appropriately made the title of the best-loved exotic fish. Around 2 countless these are offered in America the factor and each month is not simply that their spectacular bodies look terrific however in fact their unmatchable character is the crucial selling point.

The most preferable atmosphere for them would be 10 gallons of water as a minimum. Steady table water criteria, low lighting, thick plantation, soft water, low watt fluorescent lighting, and routine sponge filter in a developed, developed tank are perfect. Although protected environments exist go-to, yet they are totally community-oriented tank-mates. They can live among other types like cory catfish, barbs, guppies, and so on.

Since as a basic guideline this helps in the modification and facility into their brand-new house, it is best to purchase them in groups of around 10-15. If you’re not sure what schooling fish is, then take a look at our short article on the subject, they are likewise natural schooling fish.

Both, in the wild and in the house aquarium they depict omnivorous qualities making them unchallenging to feed. Integrate within their diet plans larvae from bugs, saltwater shrimp, algae, nano vertebrates, tubifex, and so on. They have a relatively easygoing nutrition routine because they just require to be fed one or two times a day, so they do not impersonate troublesome obligations. They even measure up to 8 years without much effort. Plus the truth that you can purchase 6 for around $20 makes them the ideal exotic fish for beginners.

For more extensive details on Neon Tetras please visit our complete guide to keeping neon tetras.

15.     Angelfish


The Angel Fish (Pterophyllum) comes from the Amazon Basin, Tropical South America, and Orinoco Basin. They are acknowledged as a basic exotic fish for every single aquarist to own. These stylish fish mature to 8 inches and can be valued in a different series of patterns and tones. They are simple and really durable going however can be semi-aggressive from time to time.

Angel fish will require a tank of 55 gallons of water as a minimum, moderate present circulations, drifting, driftwood, and broadleaf plants. They do, nevertheless, choose slow-moving water with dim lighting and downed branches, as remains in the wild.

It is possible to position them with bigger tetras, rainbowfish, catfish, and so on. Dealing with their semi-aggressive personality they need to be kept singly or in a big school which lessens their aggressiveness. Their nutrition requirements are that of an omnivore (2-3 times a day) consisting of the worm, little shellfishes, shrimp pellets, marine algae, frozen live foods, and so on

. They have fantastic fins and as such, you’d believe they value other fishes fins however no, they might nip others and harm their fins which is a little paradoxical.

Opsarius pulchellus (Butterfly Danio)

16.      Otocinclus


Some aquarium owners desire a fish that will consume algae, therefore they head out and get a plecostomus. The issue is most plecos mature to 2 feet in length, and are not an excellent option for the house aquarium.

The Otto catfish will gladly much on the algae on tank glass and designs, and they just grow to about 2 inches long. They like to school so have 6 or more, and make certain to supplement their diet plan with algae wafers.

Unlike with a pleco, you do not need to fret a lot about your live plants with these little fish either. And they tend to mix into the background. Moving a piece of wood or a plant can remove half a lot of Ottos you didn’t even understand existed!

17.     Platy


Platies are active, curious fish and something like the young puppy pet dogs of the neighborhood aquarium. They are available in a range of markings and colors, consisting of the cool “Mickey Mouse” platy, which in fact has markings on its tail that look like Mickey Mouse.

They are serene, neighborhood fish, however, their curious and active nature might get them in difficulty with any big, semi-aggressive tank mates. For this factor, they’d be best in a tank with other extremely active fish they can’t frustrate.

Like guppies and swordtails they are livebearers, so if you have a lot of them watch for infant platies!

18     Cory Catfish (Corydoras)

Cory Catfish

Cories, or cory catfish, are little, ancient-looking armored catfish. There are a couple of various popular types, such as pepper cories and albino cories.

The emerald catfish are a carefully associated type frequently identified as a cory, though it’s not technically in the exact same sub-family.

They all do the very same task, which is to scavenge the bottom of the tank for remaining food, plant matter, and other particles. They may even assist keep your bug snail population under control. Lots of fish keepers pick to feed sinking pellets to make certain their cories get enough to consume.

Many cories grow to just 2 or 3 inches in length, however with age, some can get a bit bigger, especially the emerald cory. They are school fish and require a minimum of 6 in their shoal, though like all education fish more is typically much better.

19.   Cherry Barb

Cherry Barb

Cherry barbs might be identified as semi-aggressive in some family pet shops, however, be confident that they will not intimidate your tank. They might bother slow-moving fish with long fins, so if you have such animals in your tank you might desire to avoid these men. If you have active types like those noted above you need to be alright.

These are school fish, so stick to the “6 or more” guideline, however, you’ll see they do not school as securely as some other shoaling fish. When viewed risk comes around, such as a water modification or larger fish, they’ll organize together. The males are brighter red, and the women have duller pigmentation.

These little people are amongst my favorites, specifically in big, planted tanks with some natural driftwood and stone. The reds of the males truly make them pop.

20.     Black-skirt Tetra

Black-skirt Tetra

These little round fish require to be in schools of a minimum of 6, and due to their somewhat bigger size, you’ll most likely wish to have them in a tank higher than 10 gallons. They’re really quiet fish, with their silver and black striped bodies and black streaming fins, specifically when they swim together in a group.

Also, they are super easy to take care of and do great with routine flake food and perhaps a couple of deals with occasionally. Black-skirt tetra is docile fish that grow to about 3 inches throughout and require a lot of space for swimming in the leading two-thirds of the water column.

These are likewise an excellent alternative for tanks with bigger fish such as Angelfish and Gouramis, as they grow too big for all however the most significant of the common house aquarium residents, a perfect tropical fish for beginners.

Conclusion: Best Tropical fish for beginners.

We hope that you have actually seen some tropical fish for beginners in this post that attracts you to beginning your own aquarium. We believe the majority of these fish appropriate for a fishkeeping novice although they are not all appropriate to be kept in the exact same aquarium. You absolutely do not desire to keep Oscar fish with Neons.

In their own right, they are all incredible tropical fish for beginners and will assist you to take pleasure in and succeed in the beginning and keeping your very first aquarium. When it comes to setting up and equipping your very first aquarium, we have a complete guide for you to check out which we believe will assist you to make some of the standard choices.